Help For the Learning Disabled Child

Help  For the Learning Disabled Child

In earlier posts I discussed the importance of teaching children to read as early as possible. I emphasized the importance of reading skills as predicting a child’s success in school and in success in life in general. I talked about this success in overall terms of a child’s level of literacy and how literacy relates to early success in learning to read. Children who suffer from some form of learning disability are not uncommon. In this post I will be discussing how parents should deal with children with learning disabilities. We start by asking “Is there help for the learning disabled child?” And the answer is “Yes”. If your child has a learning disability there is no need to despair.

Not All Children Have The Same Learning Abilities

Have you noticed that your child has a problem learning to read, write or do math problems, but is otherwise normal in all other regards? By this I mean does your child exhibit normal signs of getting along socially and being intellectually competitive in terms of his peer group. Still, you have noticed that your child is struggling to learn to read, write or do math problems and even falling behind his peers in these areas. The fact that your child may be struggling is probably noticeable if you are paying attention to your child’s demeanor and accomplishments, even if it is not apparent as to why your child is struggling.   So let’s begin by asking a”what is a learning disability?”

What A Learning Disability Is Not

When I talk about learning disabilities I am not referring to problems that are the result of physical impairments (sight or hearing) or other types of social impediments (such as economic or family problems). Learning disabilities arise organically out of neurologically-based processing problems impairing your child from learning basic reading, writing or math skills. This impairment affects your child’s life in more ways than just academically. Learning disabilities are often hidden and undiagnosed, even in children of normal capabilities and for that reason are often referred to as “hidden disabilities”. The sad truth is that learning disabilities are not curable and remain life-long challenges. But with appropriate support and understanding, a child’s learning disabilities are not insurmountable and a child with a learning disability can achieve success in school, work and other social relationships.

Signs That A Child May Have A Learning Disability

          There are many signs that a child may have a learning disability. Many of these signs are observable. Parents should always pay attention to any behavior of a child that suggests difficulty in normal learning behavior or coping with everyday situations.  A child may show signs of more than one learning disability. Diagnosing a learning disability is complicated. A child may exhibit what appear to be some common signs of a learning disability but not actually having a learning disability. Determining whether a child actually has a learning disability rather than some other type of problem requires a professional evaluation.

What Are Some Signs of A Learning Disability?

Some of the more common signs of a learning disability that a parent often observes includes:

  • The child has difficulties with reading and/or writing
  • The child has difficulties with math8
  • The child has poor memory
  • The child has difficulties paying attention and is easily distracted
  • The child has difficulties following directions
  • The child has exhibits excessive clumsiness
  • The child has difficulties telling time
  • The child has difficulty staying organized
  • The child is impulsive and acts without really thinking about possible outcomes
  • The child acts out in school or social situations
  • The child demonstrates difficulty in saying a word correctly out loud or expressing thoughts
  • The child has problems with school performance from week to week or day to day
  • The child often speaks like a younger child; using short, simple phrases; or leaving out words in sentences
  • The child has a hard time listening
  • The child has problems dealing with changes in schedule or situations
  • The child has problems understanding words or concepts.

A parent observing any of these common signs of a learning disability exhibited on a regular basis over a relatively long period of time should not ignore these signs and should take definite steps to deal with them. These steps involve getting help from professionals, family, friends and reaching out to appropriate educational materials.

What Are Some Of Common Learning Disabilities?

There are different types of learning disabilities. This plethora of conditions includes the following:

  1. Auditory Processing Disorder. This condition affects how a child processes sound.
  2. Dyscalculia. This condition affects a child’s ability to understand numbers, impairing a child’s ability to comprehend math, memorize and organize numbers, and tell time.
  3. Dysgraphia. This condition affects a child’s handwriting ability, such as not being able to write on straight line.
  4. Dyslexia. This condition affects reading and related language based processing skills.
  5. Language Processing Disorder. This is a condition in which a child has difficulty attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences and stories.
  6. Non-Verbal Learning Disorder. This condition is characterized by a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and weaker motor, visual-spatial and social skills. Often it results in your child having difficulty interpreting nonverbal cues, such as facial cues or other body language cues.
  7. Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit. This a condition affecting a child’s understanding of information, where the child misses seeing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters

Many of these hidden disabilities may be present without a parent consciously noticing them. That is why it is important for parents to pay attention to a child’s behavior. An observing parent should normally become aware of signals of one or more of these conditions with careful and consistent observation.

Ways To Teach A Child With A Learning Disability

Research by Dr. H. Lee Swanson, Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of California has identified specific teaching methods most effective for increasing word recognition and reading comprehension skills in children with learning disabilities.

He found that sound instructional practices include daily reviews, statements of instructional objective, teacher presentations of new materials, guided practice, independent practice and formative evaluations (testing to ensure child mastered materials).

He found that the most effective approach in increasing word recognition was through sequencing, segmentation and advanced organizers.

According to his research the best way to improve reading comprehension was using a combination of direct instruction and strategy instruction [teaching child to see patterns in words and to identify the main idea in each pattern], including following components: directed response/questioning, control difficulty of processing demands of task, elaboration of reading materials, modeling of steps by teacher, strategy cues.

Check out this video for 18 tips to help a child adjust to living with a learning disability.

 

And MOST importantly, don’t hide your child’s learning disability from friends and family. Communicate with family and friends about your child’s learning disabilities openly and in front of your child. By being open, you encourage your child to confront the challenges of a learning disability without being embarrassed or discouraged by them. Remember, the learning disability is not shameful, won’t go away and is life-long; therefor you and your child should openly deal with it as soon as it becomes noticeable. Don’t hesitate to draw on educational programs and literature if you need additional help. Always be open to knowing that you are not always the expert.

Finally, please leave a comment if you have questions about learning disabilities, or something said in this article.  I would especially appreciate hearing from parents who have a child with a learning disability and have experience with effective teaching programs or materials.

weteachchildrentoread.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

 

 



13 thoughts on “Help For the Learning Disabled Child”

  • Hi Burton, 

    I really enjoyed reading your post, it’s such a good thing to know theres information out there to help families that have children with learning disabilities. This one is close to the heart as my daughter has a learning disability that has followed her all her life and we didn’t seem to have the information that you have provided.

  • I think we need more dedicated teacher that can teach effectively children with disability. Because writing and reading are the basic knowledge that we all need. So, we all need to learn how to write and read. It becomes a even greater deal for children with disability, because it requires more patience and specific tricks to get their attention and keep them focus to learn.

    This is a great post.

    Thanks

  • Thank you so much for this post!  My little girl has a learning disability, and we first found out about it when she turned three and still was not able to focus on books like she should have been able to for her age.  I’m so happy to see that you put in the section talking about what a learning disability is not. 

  • Excellent information, I have 2 children with dyslexia, and the second one also struggle with a speech impediment. Fortunately the schools have programs to help, so that my oldest who is now in middle school can take tests verbally which helps and also has more time to complete those tests. My youngest was just now tested for dyslexia in 1st grade, so hopefully he will be able to use the similar tools that his sister did and be successful. Thank you for sharing, this is good for people to know! 

  • I am glad I found this article. 

    Originally I thought, my nephew has a learning disability – but I was not sure about that.
    …that’s why I do some research about this issue and I have found this article. 

    As I am reading I realize that this kid has only a reading problem, and that can be easily fixed, I believe, right?
    I mean he has some problems with concentration – when I ask him to read some article, he does not want to. He has a hard time to start reading. 
    Instead of reading the words he makes them up. I mean he uses his fantasy, which in many cases works for him:) 

    • Michal, you are describing a child with a classic form of reading disability.  His behavior is classic “hiding” to avoid his difficulty with reading.  Read my other posts for some additional insights.  I suggest that you, or his parents, talk to a professional counselor.  This disability can be dealt with but it is not something that will just go away.  For your nephew’s benefit this problem should not be ignored.

  • Hello Burton, disabilities happens to be a thing that can’t be overlooked nor avoided and there comes the need to deal with it. Its a bit sad when you come across children with learning disabilities and have no form of assistance to help them learn. I have seen kids with lots of disabilities, but Dyscalculia is one i still cant figure a particular way to deal with. Any suggestion on that?

  • This is a post that should be made go round. Learning disabilities in children should be taken seriously because these kids needs our care and affection. Living with disabilities is hard and the general public should show care and support. I am a teacher and i have met with kids with speech impediment, teaching these kids may be difficult, but still patience is the key to dealing with them all.

    • I definitely agree.  The point of my website is to emphasize that learning disabilities are the result of neurological conditions and not a lack of intelligence.  Like any other impairment, it needs to be openly dealt with.  Science has established that while learning disabilities may not be curable, with appropriate teaching in many cases it can be overcome.

  • I’m so happy to see this very informational website about teaching children to read. As a former preschool teacher, I realize the importance of identifying learning disabilities early. It seems the research has made great strides in understanding teaching methods that work best. I’m wondering:  How do parents and schools work together to give the child the best learning method to insure a good outcome?

    As a grandmother, I find it interesting to see how individual children learn how to read. According to the findings, phonics seems to be the best method. Usually young children hear stories from parents, older siblings, teachers, grandparents and story hour gatherings at libraries. Such enriching experiences. 

    Thank you for your insightful website.

    Judy Strong 

    • I agree.  I would be interested in learning from your experience of any worthwhile products that you found effective in working with reading disabilities.

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